Modeling and Learning Synergy for Team Formation with Heterogeneous Agents
AAMAS '12 Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems - Volume 1 Pages 365-374
The performance of a team at a task depends critically on the composition of its members. There is a notion of synergy in human teams that represents how well teams work together, and we are interested in modeling synergy in multi-agent teams. We focus on the problem of team formation, i.e., selecting a subset of a group of agents in order to perform a task, where each agent has its own capabilities, and the performance of a team of agents depends on the individual agent capabilities as well as the synergistic effects among the agents. We formally define synergy and how it can be computed using a synergy graph, where the distance between two agents in the graph correlates with how well they work together. We contribute a learning algorithm that learns a synergy graph from observations of the performance of subsets of the agents, and show that our learning algorithm is capable of learning good synergy graphs without prior knowledge of the interactions of the agents or their capabilities. We also contribute an algorithm to solve the team formation problem using the learned synergy graph, and experimentally show that the team formed by our algorithm outperforms a competing algorithm.